Industrial Ecology (IE) is a concept that involves the study of industrial systems and their interactions with the environment. It aims to reduce the environmental impact of industrial activities by promoting a circular economy where waste is minimized, and resources are used efficiently.
Biological Cycle in the Circular Economy
The circular economy model aims to keep resources in use for as long as possible. In the biological cycle, waste from one process becomes a resource for another. Biomass is a key resource in the biological cycle as it can be used to produce a range of products and energy sources.